The neurophysiopathologist helps to obtain a diagnosis of diseases and disorders that can affect the nervous system, thereby also affecting the functioning of the muscles. He does this by using tests and examinations that assess the functioning of the nervous system by analysing its electrical activity.
The nerve impulse is, in fact, an electrical signal that flows along the extensions of neurons. Therefore, by analysing the electrical activity of the nervous system, it is possible to check the health of nerves, their roots at the level of the spinal column, the bone marrow, the structures in the encephalon, and a possible state of suffering at the level of the muscles.
The techniques used in the neurophysiopathology laboratory of the S. Anna Institute are based on the use of electrodes to measure electrical activity in the body. Among the procedures we use most are:
- Acoustic evoked potentials (BAEPs)
- Somato-sensory evoked potentials (PEES) of the upper limbs (PES AS) and lower limbs (PES AI)
- Visual evoked potentials (VEPs)
- ERP-related event-related potentials (P300, N400,MMN)
The Neurophysiopathology Laboratory is equipped with state-of-the-art equipment:
- 4-channel electromyography
- 32-channel electroencephalograph;
- High-density electroencephalograph.
The Neurophysiopathology laboratory carries out clinical and instrumental diagnostics, technological implementation, and clinical research for all the patients in our medical facility.